Minimizing transport period and completely cleansing automobiles, tools and areas the place animals are loaded and unloaded are among the measures thought-about efficient in decreasing the transmission of resistant micro organism throughout animal transport.
These are the findings of the European Meals Security Authority’s scientific opinion assessing the danger of unfold of antimicrobial resistance amongst poultry, pigs and cattle throughout transport between farms or to slaughterhouses.
“Regardless of out there information displaying a discount in antibiotic consumption in recent times, antimicrobial resistance stays a urgent public well being situation that must be tackled at world degree and throughout sectors,” mentioned Frank Verdonck, head of EFSA’s Organic Hazards and Animal Well being and Welfare Unit. “By figuring out the principle threat components, mitigation measures and analysis wants in relation to the transport of animals, EFSA’s evaluation marks one other step ahead within the struggle in opposition to antimicrobial resistance, primarily based on the precept of ‘One Well being,’ which integrates animal and human threat evaluation.”
The opinion additionally highlights that acceptable transport group is essential. As well as, any measure bettering animal well being, welfare and biosecurity instantly earlier than and through transport may be very prone to scale back the danger of AMR transmission. The findings of the opinion complement EFSA’s just lately revealed suggestions to enhance animal welfare throughout transport.
Fundamental threat components
The evaluation identifies the presence of resistant micro organism in animals earlier than transport as one of many major threat components contributing to the transmission of antimicrobial resistance. Different threat components that nearly actually contribute to transmission embrace elevated launch of resistant micro organism via feces, publicity to different animals carrying extra or various kinds of resistant micro organism, inadequate hygiene of automobiles and tools, and the period of transport.
Lengthy journeys that require rests in meeting facilities and management posts are related to increased dangers, attributable to particular components akin to shut contacts with animals from totally different farms, environmental contamination and stress.
The broader image: Public well being implications
The impression of EFSA’s evaluation goes past animal well being and welfare as a result of many micro organism could be transmitted from animals to people. When these micro organism turn into immune to antimicrobials, the efficient therapy of infectious ailments in people could be compromised.
Additional analysis wanted
Particular scientific research on the problem of the unfold of AMR amongst animals throughout transport are missing. The opinion maps a number of information gaps and recommends sure areas the place analysis ought to focus.
The evaluation was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on the Setting, Public Well being and Meals Security in September 2021, following discussions on the subject between the European Parliament, the European Fee and EFSA.
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