A united sector to battle PRRS in Danish pig manufacturing – Articles


Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is without doubt one of the most important pig ailments which might have a serious affect on pig well being, and thereby end in elevated antimicrobial use and diminished welfare.

The commonest transmission route of PRRS is by commerce with contaminated pigs and by native unfold which lately has resulted in a rise of PRRS seropositive pig herds in Denmark.

The most common transmission route of PRRS is by trade with infected pigs and by local spread.
The commonest transmission route of PRRS is by commerce with contaminated pigs and by native unfold.

Eradicating PRRS at herd stage by utilizing well-established protocols could be comparatively easy for some herds, however a sophisticated and costly job for others. Moreover, the danger of reinfection by native unfold of the virus from a neighbouring pig herd could be excessive in pig dense areas.

Due to this fact, The Danish Veterinary and Meals Administration has, in collaboration with the Danish Agriculture & Meals Council, Danske Svineslagterier (business organisation for Danish cooperatives and personal slaughterhouses), and the Danish Veterinary Affiliation developed a technique to scale back PRRS in Denmark.

The objective is to extend the variety of herds declared PRRS seronegative by 2025. This might be achieved via focused administration of PRRS, which can present an incentive for rising the numbers of PRRS destructive finisher herds. This, in flip, will enhance demand for PRRS seronegative piglets and supply an incentive for eradicating PRRS from sow herds.

Prevalence of PRRS seropositive herds in Denmark

In Denmark, roughly half of all producers have voluntarily declared the PRRS standing of the herd within the Danish SPF system. Declaration of PRRS within the SPF system is predicated on the monitoring of antibodies in opposition to PRRS. The variety of herds in 2021 with PRRS-seronegative, PRRS-seropositive and PRRS-unknown standing, based mostly on SPF knowledge and knowledge from the Central Herd Register (CHR), are proven in desk 1.

Desk 1. Distribution of pig herds by manufacturing sort and PRRS serological standing within the SPF system.

PRRS seronegative PRRS seropositive PRRS-unknown
Sow herds 57% 26% 17%
Farrow to complete herds 45% 12% 43%
Finisher herds 23% 12% 65%

Based mostly on knowledge from the CHR register and SPF database for the interval December 2020 to January 2021. Contains declaration of each PRRS1 and PRRS2

Declaration of PRRS standing

Obligatory declaration of serological PRRS standing of all pig herds is a cornerstone of the discount technique in Denmark. Herd declarations will subsequently change from being a voluntary declaration dealt with by the business to being an official declaration beneath an government order issued by the Danish Veterinary and Meals Administration. The declaration of serological PRRS standing from every herd is predicated on blood analyses and is shared real-time through a public database. Because of this producers and veterinarians get entry to data on regional and nationwide prevalence of PRRS and thereby allow initiatives for regional eradication of PRRS to be taken on a professionally knowledgeable foundation. The obligatory herd declaration applies to all herds in Denmark with greater than 10 sows or greater than 100 animals in complete. The PRRS surveillance might be based mostly on the Danish SPF system precept that well being standing is asserted for the linked herds. Well being standing of pigs is taken into account in case of buying and selling and transport between herds.

Lowered worth of PRRS virus-positive pigs

Danish Crown, which slaughters about 70% of all Danish pigs, have determined to make a deduction of DKK 0.20 per kg (= 0.027 euros/Kg carcass) the primary 17 weeks {that a} herd is PRRS virus-positive, and the deduction will subsequently enhance step by step. This may, in keeping with the remainder of the technique, give motivation for ending pig producers to eradicate PRRS from their herd. Afterwards the opposite Danish slaughter corporations additionally determined a deduction for PRRS virus-positive herds.

Regional eradication packages

Expertise from earlier voluntary initiatives has proven that regional eradication packages for PRRS could be troublesome and require thorough coordination and communication between veterinarians and pig producers. The Danish Agriculture & Meals Council will subsequently organise regional initiatives to make sure that a scientific method is utilized to eradication in particular regional areas with excessive density of PRRS seropositive herds. The objective is to carry veterinarians and pig producers within the space collectively to develop a typical technique for lowering PRRS within the geographical space.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.